Global telephone traffic routed through US switches

…While nobody outside the intelligence community knows the exact volume of international telephone and internet traffic that crosses U.S. borders, experts agree that it bounces off a handful of key telephone switches and perhaps a dozen IXPs in coastal cities near undersea fiber-optic cable landings, particularly Miami, Los Angeles, New York and the San Francisco Bay Area.

Miami sees most of the internet traffic between South America and the rest of the world, including traffic passing from one South American country to another, says Bill Manning, the managing partner of ep.net. “Basically they backhaul to the United States, do the switch and haul it back down since (it’s) cheaper than crossing their international borders.”

…”There are about three or four buildings you need to tap,” Beckert says. “In L.A. there is 1 Wilshire; in New York, 60 Hudson, and in Miami, the NAP of the Americas.”

<more> in WIRED.

The RESTORE Act has been introduced in the House, which hopefully will bring the legislative foundations for surveillance closer to the 21st century.