I’ve been looking for maps that show all the geographic rights or treaties for the world fisheries. Along the way I came across this remarkable map resource, thanks to New Security Beat blog. Theo Deutinger’s map shows the surprising extent of ocean claims, but doesn’t incorporate open ocean treaty coverage.
As burgeoning populations and growing economies continue to strain natural resource stocks around the world, countries have begun looking to more remote and difficult-to-access resources, including deep-sea oil, gas, and minerals. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) guarantees exclusive access to these resources within 200 nautical miles of a nation’s sovereign territory – called an exclusive economic zone (EEZ). TD Architects’ “Exclusive Economic Zone” map illustrates this invisible global chessboard and highlights some examples of disputed areas, such as the South China Sea, the Mediterranean, the Falkland/Malvina Islands, and the Arctic.
The creator of “Exclusive Economic Zone,” Theo Deutinger, points out “that if a country owns a minuscule rock somewhere in the ocean, this rock’s exploitable surface increases from almost zero on-shore to 430,000 km² offshore.”
Please continue reading…